A Toilet Shut-off Valve’s purpose is exactly as the name suggests. It shuts off the freshwater supply from the tank. Even though these valves are made to last years and years, they can occasionally clog up and cause a gnarly overflow that can only be remedied by replacing the entire valve.
However, knowing the suitable toilet shut off valve size and type is incredibly important before one can go about replacing the valve. The ⅜ inches size has been industry standard for quite a long time now.
Nevertheless, encountering a unique size from time to time is nothing new, and that is why today, I will try to share with you all the different possible Shut-off valve sizes and types. Let’s Jump right in:
A Bit About the Toilet Shut-Off Valve
Before we delve into the types, it is important to understand a bit more about what exactly a shut-off valve is. This type of valve can be seen on the back side of the bowl, and it manages the supply line water flow.
If the pipeline of the toiletstarts acting up, this device is crucial. Harm to your home can be avoided by a simple clockwise rotation and closing off the supply. Also, if you know that you will not be using the particular toilet for a long time, you can shut off the valve to prevent any unforeseen circumstances.
Either way, accidents can still happen. The most common case is when the rubber seal holding the water pressure becomes too old to function properly. That is why a full replacement is also unnecessary, and fixing or replacing the rubber seal will get you up and running.
Even then, sometimes replacing the rubber seal will not fix your issue and a whole valve replacement is for those situations. This usually needs when:
- Shut-off becomes stuck in one position
- Water flow does not change even if the valve is moved
- Flow becomes highly irregular
These situations might be uncommon, but you should always be prepared and know the right size so that you can easily replace them. A leak should be avoided at all costs, and the more you know, the easier it will be for you.
The Different Sizes of Toilet Shut-Off Valve
The usual shut-off valve for almost all distribution systems is typically 9.5 or in inches 3/8. However, there are three different types of conventional toilet shut-off valves available. 1/2 (12.7 mm), 1/4 (6.35 mm), and 3/8 (9.5 mm) inches are their typical diameters.
Getting the right toilet shut-off valve is crucial to efficient pipeline operation because valves must fit perfectly with the supply line hoses. Otherwise, water leakage issues may arise. Now Supply line hoses also come in 1/2 and 3/8 inches, but there is one outliner here that is the 7/16 inches diameter.
Nevertheless, selecting a valve with a diameter of 3/8 inches can ease your life by guaranteeing the proper functioning of the entire system.
The Different Types of Toilet Shut-Off Valve
In America, there are three main types of shut-off valves that are used widely. Namely:
- Sweat-Fitted Valve
- Compression-Fitted Valve
- PEX Valve
These are the most widely used because they are the best shut-off valves for toilets. But depending on special needs, there are a few other different types. However, since they are pretty uncommon, we will leave them out of today’s discussion aside from this handy table we have created for you:
|Valve Type||Sizes Available|
|PEX Valve||⅜ inches and ½ inches|
|Compression fitted Valve||⅝ x ⅜ inches and ½ x ⅜ inches|
|Sweat Fitted Valve||½, ¾, and ⅜ inches|
|Barbes Valve||⅜ inches|
|Push-Fit Valve||⅜ inches|
|CPVC Valve||⅜ inches|
|FIP Threaded Valve||⅜ inches|
|Three Way Valve||⅜ inches|
|Quarter Turn Valve||¼ inches|
|Plastic Valve||⅜ inches|
Given the wide variety of toilet shut-off valves on the market, choosing the right one might be challenging for a novice. Additionally, they come in different sizes, which adds to the difficulty of choosing.
Therefore, before visiting the neighborhood plumbing store, learn to distinguish between distinct types. Alternatives consist of taking pictures of the current valve or removing it and showing the hardware shop for proper identification.
Now, I will delve a bit more into the three most common Shut-off valve types:
PEX valves are pretty inexpensive and are made with strong polyethylene material. The material is cross-linked and ensures long-term durability for a fraction of the price. As we previously mentioned, it is available in two different sizes, and if your existing system has clamp rings, you are the perfect customer for PEX stop valves.
There are two subgroups in the PEX category, and you need to choose accordingly. The subgroups are:
Clamp Style: The fittings that come with this model are ribbed, and you need to press-fit the crimp ring to the exterior side of the pipe.
Push-Fir Style: This one is typically a bit easier to install. An external clamp is included, and you just push it to set. This type of valve is also widely compatible with many different styles of pipe.
Compression Fitted Valve:
These types of valves are made for PEX pipes and copper-based ones with strong compression power. They are low maintenance and can offer long-time operation. While quarter-turn valves are of higher quality and greater dependability, multi-turn compression valves are more cost-effective.
Yes, those are the two main types. As for sizes, it comes in two aforementioned categories.
However, the installation process is a lot more complicated than PEX. You will need professional help if you are not used to these kinds of work. However, if you own the right tools and have a bit of experience, you can also do it yourself.
Sweat-Fitted Shut-Off Valve:
This type of valve is only usable if a copper supply chain is already installed in your house. Available in 3 different sizes, these valves are seen as a more permanent solution that will stay in place for decades.
For this reason, they are also the most difficult to install. Needing lots of professional tools and prior experience in the job, you cannot DIY the installation and expect everything to go smoothly.
Therefore, if you absolutely want to do DIY, better stay away from this kind or just hire professionals to do the job for you!!!!!
How Toilet Shut-Off Valves Are Classified
Now that you have the basic idea of all the different types of Toilet Shut-off valves,let’s take a look at how classifications are made. They are usually done according to these factors:
- Location: This relates to the exact place your shut-off valves are going to be set up.
- Material: Toilet shut-off valves are often made from common materials. Brass is the most popular choice due to its dependability, strength, and long lifetime. Plastic or polypropylene are additional choices that work well when the water pressure is low enough.
- Method of Operation: Relating to the amount of turn that is needed to stop the valve completely, you will usually find valves that stop at either quarter turn or multi-turn.
- Size: As we have explained before, you will need a shut-off valve that properly fits your supply line’s size.
- Supply Line: Different types of supply lines call for different kinds of shut-off valves. See this handy table for help:
|Pipe Material||The Right Shut-off Valve|
|Galvanized Steel||Iron Pipe|
Frequently Asked Questions
- What size are most toilet shut-off valves?
Most Toilet Shut-off Valves come in ⅜ inches or 9.5 mm. That is in diameter.
- What size is my water shut-off valve?
For most people, the answer is ⅜ inches. However, we can not really answer for all the outliners, so it is better to get your toilet checked by a professional for help.
- How do I know what size shut-off valve I need?
If you have a really old house that has mismatched shut-off valve sizes, you should get them all replaced with standard-sized valves. If you are unsure about the size, it’s either ⅜, ½, or ¼ inches.
When measuring the valve, you will get measurements close to any one of these 3, but to be sure, you can always hire professionals.
The thing you need to do here is to check the very bottom to locate the drain opening. If the drain opening is the size of a baseball or a small orange, it is 2-inches. Anything bigger than that, and you will need a 3-inch.
Checking the very bottom will help you find the drain opening in this situation. The drain opening is two inches if it is the size of a baseball or a small orange. Any size greater than that requires a 3-inch.
- What size is the toilet water supply line?
The most common size for a water supply line is ½ inches.
- How is valve size measured?
You just need a pair of slide calipers, preferably a digital one. Just measure the diameter of the valve, and that will be your valve size.
Whether a new shut-off valve is being installed or an existing one is being replaced will determine the necessary size. The old valve should be measured before a new one is purchased because it might be difficult just to assume.
There are usually three standard sizes to select from, so if you want to prevent any issues that might result from an inaccurate assessment, all you have to do is pick the right one. Hopefully, by now, you are equipped with all the relevant information on toilet shut-off valve sizes and types to make your next valve replacement a breeze.